At the Kennedy Cancer Center, we use multiple approaches to ensure the first cancer diagnosis is the correct one. Physical Exam
With a gentle, hands-on approach, our doctors look for any abnormalities which may indicate the presence of cancer. This includes changes in skin color, enlarged organs, and lumps. Laboratory Tests
Using the latest state-of-art technology and new detection methods, our doctors may be able to identify the presence of cancer with a simple urine sample or blood draw. These laboratory tests may find unusual results, like a drastic increase in white blood cells, which can point to the existence of cancer in the body. Imaging Tests
These noninvasive cancer diagnosis methods allow our doctors to examine the entire body without pain or discomfort. Using sophisticated medical scanning techniques, like Computerized Tomography (CT) scan, 3D Mammography scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ultrasounds and X-Rays, we are able to pinpoint the exact location of abnormalities which may be cancerous.
While imaging tests are necessary to identify abnormalities in the body, they alone can't differentiate cancerous cells from noncancerous cells. For the majority of cancers, the only way to make a definitive cancer diagnosis is to use a biopsy to collect cells for closer examination. Biopsy
Definitive cancer diagnosis comes as a result of finding cancerous cells in a specific sampling of abnormal tissue after being thoroughly examined in the laboratory. There are multiple methods for collecting abnormal cells in a biopsy, and determining the correct method is dependent upon factors like the suspected type of cancer and its location.
Some of the most common biopsy methods are: Bone Marrow Biopsy, Endoscopic Biopsy, Needle Biopsy, Core Needle Biopsy, Fine Needle Aspiration, Vacuum-Assisted Biopsy, and Image-Guided Biopsy.
Once the biopsy sample is obtained, it is immediately examined by specialized physicians called Pathologists. Using a series of highly technical laboratory tests, the Pathologists locate and identify the presence of cancerous cells. Upon a correct diagnosis, our doctors present, explain and evaluate various treatment options with the patient and their family.
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